Addressing Roof Punctures: How to Spot and Fix Them

A roof is an integral part of a building, not just from a structural point of view but because it acts as protection against the harsh weather as well. Hence it constantly requires maintenance and roofing contractors suggest you should conduct a roof inspection and maintenance at least twice in a year. In our experience of 6 years, the most common issues identified during roof repairs is roof punctures. Roof punctures may seem insignificant at first but when left unattended it can turn into an expensive repair project that can lead to eventual roof replacement.

In this article, we shall focus on addressing the problem of roof punctures, what are the most common causes, how professional roof repairing contractors spot them, steps to take for preventing roof punctures.


What are roof punctures?


Owing to increased foot traffic or impact from debris falling, the top layer of the roofing might become compromised. The snow collected on the roof or the rainwater can enter the underlying layers and destroy it. Damage from roof punctures is more prevalent in buildings with flat roofs but still possible in those with slopes.




Common Causes of roof punctures


Before we jump to spotting roof punctures and repair them, it is important to identify the common causes of roof punctures.




Extreme weather conditions such as sand storm, hurricane, or hail can prove lethal for the top layer of your roofs. The impact of any debris striking the roof can flake off the top layer and puncture it. Similarly, small pieces of hail gain high velocity from strong winds and weaken the top layer when the hails hit the roof. Older roofs are more prone to wear out from different weather conditions.


Unnecessary Traffic


When your roof can be accessed by anyone, without safety equipment, the footwear can easily scratch the surface and remove the top layer. The more number of people access your roofs, the quicker would be the wear and tear. Moreover, the shingles are delicate and can easily break when put under pressure. So, if someone steps on sensitive parts of your roof such as areas with no underlying support beams, the shingles can easily break or give way leading to serious accidents.


Unplanned Roof Installations

Installation or repairs of HVAC, television antennas, DIY projects, or remodeling projects when done unplanned or by servicemen without any professional experience would result in punctures. Unless the drilled holes are covered by appropriate sealants, the hole can easily leak and cause damage to the structure internally.




Birds pecking on the roof or critters and animals running around on your roof can lead to micro scratches that slowly grow into roof punctures. While this is an unavoidable cause, animals chewing on the weak parts of the roof and clawing the roof layer can lead to cracks through which they can also enter your house. This commonly observed in places where the roof can be accessed from a nearby tree branch.


How to Spot them


Spotting roof punctures is not easy for untrained eyes. You need to physically inspect the top layer to detect any roof punctures. Most roof repairing professionals have garnered enough experience that they can identify signs that indicate that roof has punctured. For a layman, the most common signs of roof punctures are cracks on the top layers or signs of leakages shortly after rainfall.

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